HUMNANITIES 244 – Comparative Literature Assignment
Refer to the complete Fact Sheet on the Romantic Period. Using the 1st of 12 important factors and 14 tenets of Romanticism, write an analysis of 2 poems from your text, pp. 239 to 278. Demonstrate the Romantic principles as reflected in these poems and point how they differ from Neoclassical literary pieces:
- The term Romanticism originally had a literary meaning.
- Repercussions of French and American Revolution were being felt in Europe and America. Napoleon Bonaparte)
- European economy in shambles; monarchs overthrown; individual countries sought political and economic identities.
- War; Revolutions (France (1830); U.S. Civil War (1860’s)
- Industrialism saw advent of blue collar worker (unionism; capitalism)
- Population of large cities (London and Paris) quadrupled.
- Socialism Ideals – Karl Marx and Engels; Materialism and Atheism
- Philosophers – Schopenhauer; Nietzsche
- Scientific Investigation (the atom; Charles Darwin)
- History of great interest; anthropologists explored remains of ancient cultures.
- Revolutions in the world’s transportation and communication systems.
- Nationalism and Internationalism – patriotism; folklore, culture.
Tenets of Romanticism (More of an attitude than a term to be defined)
- An escape from actuality
- Truth includes more than mere facts
- Accepts intuitive illumination
- Restores wonder
- Emphasizes strangeness (of the past or the future)
- Advocates the radical – looks to extremes
- Interest in the subjective rather than objective
- Opposed to realism and classicism
- Love of nature, especially wilder moods
- Emphasis upon emotion, not intellect
- Championship of democracy
- Exaltation of the humble
- Independence and nationalism
- The Noble Savage (Example – the Indian in Ame4rica; the African)
Consider these specific questions:
- What is the primary subject of the piece?
- What is the tone of the piece?
- Is the piece suggestive of a World War? Which?
- How is the piece unique?
- Summarize the poem in your own words.
- Is this piece similar to any other work studies this semester? Which ones? How so?